Mimetic Words in Japan (日本の擬態語)



地震について話すとき、私は【グラグラ】だと言いました。
そして、その言葉を読んだインドネシアの友達は笑いやりました。
日本語のインテンシプコースの先生だと思いました。
その先生は【グラグラ】ような擬態語教えたことがあります。

擬態語は【英語】で[mimetic word]です。
カタカナで書かれたすべての。

じゃ、ここでいろいろな擬態語を書きたいです。
見てね。。おもしろいよ!

[sorry for my bad Japanese >.<]

bachin-bachin

heavy typing

bara-bara

scattered, loose

bari-bari

tearing, crunching

becha-becha

chattering, prattling, gooey, messy

bera-bera

nonstop rapid talking

beron-beron

very drunk

beta-beta

sticky

beto-beto

gooey

betsu-betsu

separate

biku-biku

nervously, timidly

biri-biri

like an electric shock

bori-bori

hard to the bite

boro-boro

rumpled, scuffed, slightly damaged

bota-bota

drip(ping)

boto-boto

drip(ping)

bura-bura

idly, aimlessly (strolling or walking)

buru-buru

shaking, shivering with cold or fear

butsu-butsu

grumbling, complaining, muttering

buu-buu

cow lowing

byuu-byuu

whistling (wind)

chaku-chaku

step by step

chapu-chapu

splashing water

chibi-chibi

little by little, in little sips

chiku-chiku

prickling pain

chira-chira

flutter, flash

choki-choki

snipping, cutting

chuu

kiss, peck

dan-dan

slowly but surely

dara-dara

lazy, sluggish, prevaricating

doki-doki

excited, nervous (esp. in romantic situations)

doku-doku

gushingly, profusely

don-don

quickly

fura-fura

unsteady, dizzily

fuu-fuu (iu)

panting for breath

fuwa-fuwa

cushy soft

gabu-gabu

quaff, gulp

gachi-gachi

chattering (of teeth), thinking hard

gami-gami

snap at someone angrily

gan-gan(suru)

headache, ears ringing

gara-gara

clattering, rattling

gari-gari

scratching, clawing

gata-gata(suru)

rattle, shiver

gatsu-gatsu

voraciously (eating)

gera-gera

lolling voraciously

giri-giri

just barely

gishi-gishi

grinding teeth

gisu-gisu

strained (atmosphere), thin and bony

goku-goku

quickly (drinking, swallowing)

goro-goro

idle, relaxed

goro-goro

thunder

gou-gou

rumbling (machine/water)

guden-guden

dead drunk

gun-gun

rapidly, smoothly (aircraft, boats)

gura-gura

shaking (eg quake)

guru-guru

turning round, spiraling

gusha-gusha

messed up; flowing slowly

gutsu-gutsu

simmering

guu-guu

sleeping soundly (zzz)/ snoring

guzu-guzu

snuffling

gyu-gyu

squashed together (as on train)

haki-haki

(speak) clearly, with conviction

hara-hara

uneasy

hiku-hiku

sniffing, twitching

hiri-hiri

hot, burning feeling (sunburn)

hiso-hiso

(speak) in whispers

iki-iki

lively

ira-ira

impatiently, irritatedly

iro-iro

various

iso-iso

cheerfully, joyfully

jan-jan

a lot

japan-japan

splashing (water on oneself)

jari-jari

crunchy, grainy (to the bite)

jiro-jiro (miru)

staring, scrutinizing

jori-jori

to shave

kachi-kachi

ticking (of clock)

kachi-kochin

rock hard

kan-kan (ni)

very (to get very angry)

kara-kara

thirsty

kira-kira

sparkling, twinkling

kiri-kiri (suru/itamu)

sharp pain

kisu-kisu

kissing (duh)

kocho-kocho

secret

kocho-kocho (suru)

to tickle

kori-kori

crunchy (e.g. biting on cartilage)

koro-koro

rolling (small, round object) or continuously changing
emotions

kotsu-kotsu

clicking (of high heels)

kusu-kusu

giggling

kuta-kuta

dead tired

kuyo-kuyo

worry about, brood over

mago-mago

confused

masu-masu

more and more

mecha-mecha

lots, very

mii-mii

sheep bleating

misu-misu

under one’s nose

moji-moji

hesitantly

mori-mori

chomp voraciously

muki-muki

suitability

muri-muri

impossible

muzu-muzu

itchy, impatient, excited

naga-naga

very long

naka-naka

quite, rather (greater than expected)

neba-neba

sticky, viscous

nita-nita

grinning

niya-niya

grinning knowingly

noro-noro

slowly

nobi-nobi

relievedly, at ease

nya-nya

cat

nyoro-nyoro

slithering

pachi-pachi

dripping wet

pachi-pachi

shutter-snapping

pachin-pachin

small, cute

paku-paku

quickly (eating), munching

para-para

light fall (rain, powder)

pari-pari

crispy (e.g. potato chips)

pasa-pasa

dry (hair, cakes, etc.)

pata-pata

pattering (feet)

pecha-kucha

natter/drone on

peko-peko

very hungry

peko-peko

apologize excessively, with bobbing head

pera-pera

fluent(ly)

pero-pero

lapping (like a dog)

peta-peta

sticky; pressing repeatedly

pichi-pichi

fresh, lively

pika-pika

bright, flashing, sparkling

pin-pin

lively

piri-piri

hot (in taste)

pocha-pocha

elastic (skin)

poka-poka

warm, confortable

poki-poki

snapping, popping (e.g. twigs)

pori-pori

munch/crunch (crackers)

poro-poro

crying (tears falling)

poto-poto

drip(ping) in large drops

potsu-potsu

bit by bit, spotty

potsun-potsun

first raindrops

puchi-puchi

popping (e.g. ikura, bubble plastic)

pun-pun

angry (girl)

puri-puri

angrily

puri-puri

smell(ing) strongly

rabu-rabu

romantic (love-love)

rin-rin

jingling (of a bell)

saku-saku

crunchy, eating noisily

sara-sara

fluently, smoothly flowing

sara-sara

dry, squeaky clean

sawa-sawa

soft?, patting?

shaa-shaa

shamelessly, carefree

shari-shari

luxurious

shiba-shiba

often, frequently

shibu-shibu

reluctantly

shiku-shiku

crying

shin-shin

sound of heavy snow

shito-shito

raining

shiwa-shiwa

(very) wrinkled

shuwa-shuwa

opening a soda can

sowa-sowa

nervous

sura-sura

fast (writing)

suru-suru (to)

nimbly (small animals, etc.)

suya-suya

sleeping peacefully

tabi-tabi

often, repeatedly

tama-tama

occasionally

tekka-tekka

shiny, sweaty

teku-teku

walking, footsteps; poke to get attention

tikka-tikka

shiny, sweaty

tiri-tiri

curly (hair)

tobo-tobo

trudge (heavily)

toku-toku

pouring quickly, in gasps

ton-ton

patting shoulder

toro-toro

drowsily

tou-tou

at last, in the end

tsugi-tsugi

one after another, in succession

tsuru-tsuru

smooth to the touch

uro-uro

loitering, aimless wandering

uto-uto(suru)

spontaneously sleeping

uzu-uzu

itching to do something

waa-waa

crying, wailing

waku-waku

nervous, excited, trembling

wan-wan

dog

waza-waza

go to the trouble of, expressly, intentionally

yoro-yoro

stagger (drunkenly or weakened)

zaa-zaa

pouring rain, rushing water, white noise

zabuun-zabuun

pouring water (on oneself)

zoku-zoku

in succession, one after
another

zoku-zoku(suru)

shiver with
excitement/cold/fear

zoro-zoro

waves of people oncoming

zuki-zuki (suru/itamu)

throbbing/stinging pain

Source: http://yuribou.net/adverbs.html

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4 Comments

  1. Gyahahaha ini dia nih yang pernah saya dengar di anime.:mrgreen:

    Reply
  2. iya pernah jg denger di drama-drama jepang jg seperti don-don, para-para. tp yg paling sering keknya doki-doki deh.. pasti pas cewek ketemu cowok, terus dia cerita ke temennya: aihh td aku doki-doki pas ketemu si doi… ha3😀.
    btw you’re excused for your bad japanese.. makanya banyak-banyak nonton drama ha3..

    Reply
  3. agil

     /  August 14, 2011

    dapat dari man nih…? ada kamusnya?

    Reply

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